St callistus (pope and martyr) was one of the most unlikely yet highly influential popes of the early church callistus was originally a slave in an important roman household callistus managed to lose some money entrusted to his care, so he fled upon being recaptured, he was imprisoned for a time. The story and history of saint callistus the story and history of saint callistus early in the third century, callistus, then a deacon, was intrusted by pope st zephyrinus with the rule of the clergy, and set by him over the cemeteries of the christians at rome and, at the death of zephyrinus, callistus, according to the roman usage, succeeded to the apostolic see. When zephyrinus became pope, callistus was recalled and set over the cemetery belonging to the church, not a private catacomb it has ever since borne callistus's name he obtained great influence over the ignorant, illiterate, and grasping zephyrinus by bribes. When zephyrinus died in 219, callistus was proclaimed pope over the protests of his rival candidate hippolytus he seemed to have as strong a hatred of heresy as hippolytus, however, because he banished one of the heretics named sabellius.
Callistus ii, pope, date of birth unknown d december 13, 1124 his reign, beginning february 1, 1119, is signalized by the termination of the investiture controversy which, begun in the time of gregory vii, had raged with almost unabated bitterness during the last quarter of the eleventh century and the opening years of the twelfth. Born near valencia in spain, 31 december, 1378 died at rome, 6 august, 1458alfonso de borja (italian borgia), as he was known before he became pope, came of a noble family, and having finished his studies espoused the cause of the antipope benedict xiii, and received from the latter the title of canon.
The sixteenth pope is a very controversial man whose sole biography was written by his arch-enemy, hippolytus, as well as comments by another, tertullian callixtus was the household slave of carpophyrus, a roman close to the roman court. Pope zephyrinus made callistus manager of the burial grounds even today the land is named the cemetery of saint callistus callistus proved himself responsible and was ordained a deacon. Pope callistus is listed as a martyr but we have no record of how he was martyred or by whom there were no official persecutions at the time, but he may well have been killed in riots against christians. Carpophorus declared that callistus was not to be looked upon as a christian, but he was thought to be trying to save his slave, and callistus was sent to the mines in sardinia some time after this, marcia, the mistress of commodus, sent for pope victor and asked if there were any martyrs in sardinia.
Callistus was elected pope by a majority vote of the clergy and laity of rome, and thereafter was bitterly attacked by the losing candidate, saint hippolytus, who let himself be set up as the first antipope in the history of the church. Pope callistus i is celebrated in churches throughout the world as a saint and martyr on october 14 the saint caused a major controversy, including a schism that lasted almost two decades, by.
Pope callixtus iii (latin: callistus tertius december 31, 1378-august 6, 1458), born alfonso de borja, was an spanish official of the roman catholic church and the 210th pope from april 8, 1455 until his death. On the fourth day after the death of gelasius (1 february), owing mainly to the exertions of cardinal cuno, guido was elected pope, and assumed the title of callistus ii he was crowned at vienne (9 february, 1119. Calixtus ii: calixtus ii, pope from 1119 to 1124 a son of count william i of burgundy, he was appointed archbishop of vienne, in lower burgundy, in 1088 he became well known as a spokesman of a reform party within the church and as a foe of the policy of the holy roman emperor henry v.
Alternative titles: alfonso de borja, alfonso di borgia, callistus iii as a compromise between the influential colonna and orsini families of rome, borgia was chosen pope on april 8, 1455 (he was thought unlikely to reign long in view of his advanced age) calixtus made a crusade to recover. Pope callixtus i (died 222), also called callistus i, was the bishop of rome (according to sextus julius africanus) from c 218 to his death c 222 or 223 he lived during the reigns of the roman emperors elagabalus and alexander severus. Callistus was himself elected pope in 217, but a minority followed the more rigorist hippolytus as anti-pope, thus making callistus's papacy from 217 to 222 quite a controversial time hippolytus later wrote a biography of callistus in which he accuses him of being too lenient - allowing priests and even bishops to marry, of being too easy. Pope callistus i from the catholic encyclopedia (written by most latins, augustine, optatus, etc callixtus or calixtus) martyr, died c 223 his contemporary, julius africanus, gives the date of his accession as the first (or second) year of ela.
When zephyrinus became pope, callistus was recalled and set over the cemetery belonging to the church, not a private catacomb it has ever since borne callistus's name he obtained great influence over the ignorant , illiterate, and grasping zephyrinus by bribes. Biography early life alfonso de borgia was born in la torreta in 1378 la torreta was at the time in the señorío de torre de canals (but is now a neighborhood of canals in valencia.