Linguists have been interested in several aspects of language variation: how language varies regionally, and also how it is used by different social groups and in different contexts of these, the study of regional variation has the longest academic history and is therefore perhaps a good place to begin. English in singapore has been described as serving both as a global language of trade, commerce, science and technology, as well as a local language for interethnic communication. The term linguistic variation (or simply variation) refers to regional, social, or contextual differences in the ways that a particular language is used variation between languages, dialects, and speakers is known as interspeaker variation.
Guaranteed essay writing service online: academic writing is a challenging task for a majority of the students in singapore our essay writing services turn academic challenge into an instant academic relief. Between social class and language variation has been a longstanding focus, with research questions that typically ask how social class, in relation with other social and stylistic factors, affects language use. Essay on human language: intonation - the explanation of the intonation system of a particular language or dialect is a particularly difficult task since intonation is paradoxically at the same time one of the most universal and one of the most language specific features of human language. York established itself soon after the university was opened in the 1960s as a major uk and international centre for the study of language variation and change (lvc) lvc covers a number of disciplines in sociolinguistics, sociophonetics, language and identity studies, historical linguistics, dialectology and sociology of language.
Singapore english consonant clusters undergo phonological processes that exhibit variation and opacity quantitative evidence shows that these patterns are genuine and systematic two main conclusions emerge. 21 using appropriate words in an academic essay 312 choose speci c verbs in reporting what you have gathered from reading, you will need to use a variety of. One type of figurative language in beowulf that may seem less familiar is variation, sometimes called apposition basically, this just means that a phrase or passage is repeated in different terms.
Hongkong papers in linguistics and language teaching, v12 p39-48 apr 1989 a study investigated patterns in plural marking in the english spoken in hong kong, largely as a second language. The study of the chinese language opens the way to different important fields such as chinese politics, economy, history or archaeology but to study chinese finally means to study a culture, a people at the heart of chinese civilization is its rich heritage of novels, short stories, poetry, drama. Genetic variation essay the different genetic variation between plants and animals aim: to see the similarities between the different breed in a species genetic variation is what allows natural section and more importantly new alleles (a number of alternate forms of the genetic pool) to enter the population. Causes of language change a view of language clearly rules out any possible study of language change, simply in general dynamics of language variation.
Linguistics: the quantitative study of linguistic variation pioneered by labov (1966, 1969) and the systematic investigation of second language acquisition (sla), exemplified by studies such as cazden, cancino, rosansky, and schumann (1975) and hakuta (1976. The advantage of labov's study in martha's vineyard is the he achieved to develop an empirical approach to the study of language and illustrated the interplay between linguistic and social factors in a relatively simple setting, which is quite an accomplishment. As an additional link language in the teaching of tamil our tamil corpus data bank, we believe, is a pioneering effort with respect to the tamil language in singapore. Dialectal variation & second language learning • for example, in the case of spanish - presence in distributed geographic. Since analysis is one of the cornerstones of critical thought, the analytical essay is a frequent, often demanding, and potentially inspiring assignment for students.
The ability to speak a second (or third) language is clearly important for becoming a global leader, as i've previously written but - for better or worse - it seems that english may be the. Most of what is known about variation in language use has come from studies of different social groups, including men versus women (for instance, in mixed sex conversation men interrupt women more often than women interrupt men, see zimmerman and west 1975:115-116), and particularly, different national or ethnic groups. Papers from a variety of levels may be sat at any one time ie knowledge and skills or skills and essentials the three essentials acca papers do not have to be sat together under the new rules a seven year time limit will be introduced at the professional level. Although de jure malay is the national language, singapore english is regarded de facto as the main language in singapore, and is officially the main language of instruction in all school subjects except for mother tongue lessons in singapore's education system.
Language variation in social media social media comprises a range of internet platforms, including collaborative writing projects such as wikipedia, online communities such as facebook and myspace, forums such as reddit and stack. Language variation when most people think of language variation, they think of geographic variation however, variation can be caused by any type of separation that causes one group of speakers to have less contact with another group of speakers. Korean language korean, known in the language itself as kugo, is the language of the korean peninsula in northeast asia in the democratic people's republic of korea (dprk, or north korea) there are 20 million speakers and in the republic of korea (rok, or south korea) there are 42 million speakers.