The congo free state evolved from a vanity possession into a slave plantation leopold's hell operated by an insane logic villages were set quotas of rubber and the gendarmerie were sent in to collect it - a process that was sped up by looting, arson and rape. This is how congo free state of king leopold ii was founded and it existed from 1885 to 1907 disappointed and outraged by what king leopold ii was doing in congo free state, many journalists and writers began to write about the crimes he was committing. Soon after leopold was granted control over the congo free state, he turned the entire country into his own personal slave plantation he used enslaved labor to extract congolese resources and services his reign was enforced through work camps, body mutilations, torture, executions, and his own. Congo free state 54 likes the congo free state was a large state in central africa from 1885 to 1908, which was in personal union with the kingdom of.
Yale university: genocide studies program congo free state, 1885-1908 in 1876, elgium's king leopold ii (1835-1909) convened a geographical conference in brussels. In the period from 1885 to 1908, many well-documented atrocities were perpetrated in the congo free state (today the democratic republic of the congo) which, at the time, was a colony under the personal rule of king leopold ii of belgium. Shortly after the turnover of the colony, hochschild writes, the furnaces near leopold's palace burned for eight days, turning most of the congo state records to ash and smoke i will give them my congo, the king is reported saying, but they have no right to know what i did there.
The congo free state with stanley on board, leopold hatched a plan to win international recognition for his enormous private colony the congo river basin included 7,000 miles of rivers and people who spoke hundreds of different languages (hochschild 62. The congo free state (french: état indépendant du congo) was a large area in central africa it was privately owned by leopold ii, king of the belgians leopold convinced the international community that he was involved in humanitarian work. Congo free state - 1887 2c km#2 in bn unc 8780 estimated that only 26,000 examples remain which includes 1888 also combined shipping discounts available on all orders. A journal of a tour in the congo free state (1905) by marcus dorman dedicated by permission to his majesty leopold ii, king of belgium and sovereign of the congo free state. Atrocities in the democratic republic of the congo (1996-present) the country now known as the democratic republic of the congo (drc) has undergone many changes in the past 125 years as a belgian colony, it was known as the congo free state.
The wealth of africa congo free state economy the first decade of the congo free state was disastrous for leopold he had taken out large loans to finance his ambitions, and was receiving very little in return. Leopold ii: a currency for the congo free state at the end of the 19th century, the congo, with its territory 80 times bigger than belgium, became the personal property of king leopold ii of belgium. Leopold and the congo free state - leopold ii was a prototype for various 20th century, disreputable political egomaniac dictators, racist imperialists. Welcome to congo free state, a website for learning about the congo free state and the transnational movement for congo reform at the turn of the twentieth centurythis site includes details of the congo reform activists, collections of primary documents from the era and the key figures involved a bibliography of the key texts produced on the subject, as well as a timeline of key events. On 2 may 1885, the congo free state was established by king leopold ii of belgium congo was a large region in central africa that had been able to resist european penetration it occupies most of the congo river basin and was controlled by the belgian king.
The congo free state was a former state in africa covering much of the territory that comprises the modern democratic republic of the congo it was created in the 1880s through agreements with local rulers by a group of european investors headed by leopold ii, king of the belgians. The congo free state (french: état indépendant du congo, lit independent state of the congo dutch : kongo-vrijstaat ) was a large state in central africa from 1885 to 1908 it was ruled personally by leopold ii and operated entirely separate from belgium, of which he was also king. Transcript of ivory and rubber trade in the 1890s and early 1900s ivory and rubber trade king leopold of belgium colonizes central africa and forms the congo free state leopold's original purpose for colonizing congo was to harvest ivory, derived from the tusks of elephants. Initially called the congo free state, the colony remained a personal possession of king leopold ii from 1885 until 1908 when it was taken over by the belgian government and renamed the belgian congo. Find great deals on ebay for congo free state shop with confidence.
Formed in 1885 when leopold ii gained trued ownership of the congo free state these men were the military group used to control the congolese in the congo free state in 1960 it was made up of 23,000 men led by 1006 european officers. Leopold ii: leopold ii, king of the belgians from 1865 to 1909 keen on establishing belgium as an imperial power, he led the first european efforts to develop the congo river basin, making possible the formation in 1885 of the congo free state, annexed in 1908 as the belgian congo and now the democratic. The congo free state (french: état indépendant du congo) wis a lairge aurie in central africae that wis privately controlled bi leopold ii, keeng o the belgians. France and the congo free state sign a protocol extending the boundary between the free state and french congo along the congo and ubangi to 4°north latitude the free state cedes all claims to the niadi kwilu valley in which it had established 14 stations.
The congo free state clipped by nqwk_sp reclip share print download save to ancestry show hide article text (ocr) clipped from the times, 02 oct 1894, tue, page 3 the congo free state. On 1885-feb-05, the result was the congo free state (later the belgian congo, then zaire, and now the democratic republic of congo) at 905,000 square miles, (2344 million km 2 ), it was an area 76 times larger than belgium.
1908 marked the end of king leopold ii's rule and his powers over the congo free state were relinquished to the government of belgium the colony in the congo along with a few others were annexed and newly named belgian congothis movement was brought on by pressures from humanitarians and other countries due to leopold's cruelty. Media in category congo free state the following 45 files are in this category, out of 45 total.